Gunning Daily News

What Every Homeowner Should Know about Ceiling Fans

May 2, 2012 4:52 pm

(ARA)—Ceiling fans are the jacks-of-many-trades, useful in nearly every home space and in virtually every decor. They are also a necessary element for homeowners looking to cut utility bills. If you need a new ceiling fan, it's easy to get lost in the many available options, which is why some tips from lighting professionals can be helpful.

The American Lighting Association offers the following tips about how to use ceiling fans, integrate them into a decorating scheme, and size them specifically for your rooms.

The many uses of ceiling fans
Ceiling fans serve three primary purposes; the first is, of course, air movement. "In summer, ceiling fans create a 'wind chill' effect that makes the room feel 6 to 8 degrees cooler than the actual ambient temperature," says Joseph Rey-Barreau, AIA, IES, associate professor in the College of Design at the University of Kentucky. "In winter, the direction of the blade movement can be set to a counter-clockwise direction, which will help to move the hotter air at the ceiling toward the edges of the room and then downward. This helps to distribute the heated air more efficiently."

That is key to consumers' interest in—and need for—ceiling fans. "That air movement can help reduce heating and air conditioning bills in homes," says Maria Scutaro, president of Murray Feiss Lighting/Monte Carlo Fan Company.

Manufacturers have also adapted ceiling fans to fit the smallest of spaces - even in closets - with a single blade and minimal motor that leaves the ceiling fan able to hug the ceiling. In addition, ceiling fans are a decorative element and focal point for the interior design - a big change from the 1990s.

"There is an unlimited range of fan styles and designs ... as well as fans that are part of a 'family' of lighting fixtures," says Rey-Barreau.

Finally, as a light source, ceiling fans "can range from a night light to ambient light to a fully directed light source," says Scutaro. "LED technology is bringing light and additional energy efficiency to fans."

The energy efficiency of ceiling fans
Much like the Energy Star label gives homeowners guidance about appliances that will save on utilities, ceiling fans can also be rated Energy Star compliant. To do that, those ceiling fans must use efficient motors and advanced blade design to meet or exceed minimum requirements for airflow efficiency set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Energy Star ceiling fans also carry three warranties: a minimum 30-year on the motor, a one-year on other components, and two-year on lighting. "Lighting for Energy Star-qualified fans also uses efficient compact fluorescent sources that use two-thirds less energy and produce 70 percent less heat than incandescent bulbs," says Rey-Barreau.

The three location ratings of ceiling fans
Ceiling fans used indoors in protected spaces differ from those used in semi-protected or exterior spaces. An "indoor use" rating means a fan can be used only indoors; those rated "damp use" can be used outdoors if in a covered spot, such as a porch. An "outdoor use" rating means the fan can be used in a location where it will be exposed directly to water, such as over a patio that is located underneath a deck.

A common mistake made with ceiling fans
"The better quality fans do not cost much more than the most inexpensive fans," says Rey-Barreau. "A consumer should purchase a fan that has a good motor, and that is energy efficient. Buying a very inexpensive fan can be problematic in terms of performance." Be sure to purchase your fans from an ALA-member retailer. They carry high quality lighting and fan products, and have professionally trained staff available to help you select the best products for your home.

Ceiling fan sizing basics
In order for a ceiling fan to effectively heat and cool a space, it must be sized for the square footage of the room. Use these measurements as guidelines:

Room size
Less than 50 square feet - 29-inch fan
75 square feet - 36-inch fan
100 square feet - 42-inch fan
225 square feet - 52-inch fan
300 square feet - 56-inch fan
More than 300 square feet - a 60-inch fan or two 56-inch or 52-inch fans


Word of the Day

May 2, 2012 4:52 pm

Encroachment. A building or other improvement that extends beyond its boundary and intrudes upon the property of another.

Question of the Day

May 2, 2012 4:52 pm

Q: When is the best time to sell a home?
The best time to sell is when you are ready, or when you must. That is, when you have outgrown the space in your current home, or you prefer to trade down to something smaller. Perhaps your marital status has changed, which necessitates a move, or you need to relocate for a job.

Market conditions also play a role, as do seasonal conditions. For example, your chances of getting top dollar for your home are more likely in a seller’s market, when demand outweighs supply, than in a buyer’s market.

Local and national economic factors also may dictate when to sell. If a major employer in your area is laying off workers, it may not be a good time to put your home up for sale. People will be cautious about buying when the future seems so unpredictable or bleak.

Most agents agree the best time to sell is in the spring. This is when the largest number of potential buyers hit the market. Your home is likely to sell faster and at a higher price, although sales begin to pick up as early as February and start to slack off in July, the slowest month for real estate transactions.

Energy Efficient Improvements: Understanding Your Tax Credits

May 1, 2012 5:42 pm

I have promoted a number of programs and tips on saving energy, cutting costs and saving the planet. But this month, the Alliance to Save Energy ( is trying to help homeowners understand which energy-efficient home improvements are eligible for federal tax credits, and which forms you’ll need to claim them. 

According to the ASE, you can get up to $500 back on your 2011 income tax return if you installed energy-efficient products in your home last year. 

To claim the non-business energy property credit the ASE advises:
• For your records, keep your receipts and manufacturer’s certifications from the energy-efficient products that you installed. You don’t have to submit copies with your tax return, but you will need them if you are audited.
• Download IRS Form 5695 and fill it out.
• Take your total number of credits at the bottom of Form 5695, and enter it into line 52 of Form 1040.
• Attach Form 5695 to Form 1040.
• Submit these forms with your 2011 taxes by April 15, 2012.

Remember, the Residential Energy Credits also include an incentive for geothermal heat pumps. This credit, called the “residential energy efficient property” credit, provides 30 percent of the cost of these systems, as well as renewable equipment like solar water heaters and small wind systems.
If you have questions on how to claim your energy-efficient home upgrades, the ASE recommends reading more about Form 5695 paying special attention to the well-written “General Instructions” on the final pages. 

If you still need help, consult a tax professional—and remember that neither the Alliance to Save Energy nor your Consumer Confidant are experts on taxes!

How-To: Deter Deer from Demolishing Your Garden

May 1, 2012 5:42 pm

(ARA)—Springtime means sunshine, blooms, birdsong - and the dreaded "deer drama" that will inevitably wreak havoc in your beautiful backyard this season. Deer are now a permanent part of our landscapes, brazenly entering our yards and eating our gorgeous gardens. They are majestic animals, and beautiful to look at—from a distance. Up close, trampling and tasting your tulips, they're just not a welcome sight.

Springtime is when deer damage is most noticeable, particularly as plants awaken from months of dormancy and prepare to bloom. Deer are the poster critters of natural adaptability. As suburbia has encroached on their wild habitat, deer have adjusted easily, finding plenty to eat in residential landscapes.

"In the early part of the 20th century, the deer population in the U.S. was less than half a million animals," says Greg Ecsedy, owner of Bobbex Inc., which manufactures deer repellent. "Today, estimates place the deer population at between 15 million and 20 million animals that cause about $1 billion a year in damage to farms, gardens, yards and timber."

"We know that deer will eat more than 500 different types of plants, so there's a good chance that something you've planted will appeal to them, and you can bet they'll eat it," Ecsedy says.

Since deer need to consume a high volume of calories to survive - bucks weighing 125 to 250 pounds need 4,000 to 6,000 calories per day - their foraging can cause significant damage to suburban landscapes. Deer seldom travel alone, so a small herd can devastate a neighborhood quickly. Deer's close proximity to people over the course of time has dulled their natural fear, so it's quite common to see multiple deer nonchalantly noshing away - right outside your window.

Deer's adaptability stems from their capacity to learn. Homeowners can defend their landscape by putting deer's natural learning ability to good use. Deterrents that convince the deer your yard is no longer a desirable dining destination can successfully protect your home environment from these foraging foes.

Several methods can be effective in deterring deer. Common solutions include:

Deer Repellent - Deer rely heavily on their sense of smell to assess the desirability of an area for feeding, and to alert them to danger. Disrupting their sense of smell can disrupt their sense of security, which is why scent-based repellents often prove effective. The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station gave Bobbex a 93 percent protection index - second only to a fence, at 100 percent, for effectiveness. The repellent uses ingredients that blend the scents of putrescent eggs, garlic, fish, clove oil and other proteins, so it smells and tastes awful to deer. It's environmentally friendly and safe for animals and your family.

Deer Deterrent Devices - Motion-activated noise makers and lights can scare deer off for a short time. Deer's movement in the yard can activate motion lights at night, scaring them away, during the day you can use motion-activated sound. It's likely, however, that deer will become acclimated to both tactics over time, and the sound and motion might not have an effect on them.

Deer Fence - Fencing is considered the only surefire way to keep deer out of a garden, but keep in mind that deer have been known to jump 10-foot fences, and many communities restrict the height of fencing. You may not be able to put up a fence high enough to keep deer away - plus, fencing might not be practical and can be costly.

Deer Resistant Flowers - Another option is to grow plants that deer don't like. A hungry deer will eat just about anything, but you may have some success by planting deer-resistant flowers and plants like catmint, hellebore, yarrow, fuzzy lamb's ear, and cleome near the plants you want to protect.


Summer Outdoor Lighting - Top Ideas for Curb Appeal and Energy Savings

May 1, 2012 5:42 pm

Now that summer is fast approaching most of us tend to push thoughts of outdoor lighting to the back of our minds. After all, who needs much lighting when the days are long and the beautiful sunlight is plentiful? Most people would agree with the writer Henry James when he said, “Summer afternoon—summer afternoon; to me those have always been the two most beautiful words in the English language,” and leave it at that.

But not so fast, says Lamps Plus blogger and designer Marcia Prentice. “There are actually a lot of summer outdoor lighting ideas that you can use to not only add style to your home, but also safety and energy savings.” 

Start with Porch Lights
The longer days mean that family and guests will be out and about later into the evening. Because of this, porch lights are essential for welcoming guests in style and giving them adequate light to safely navigate walkways and steps. “Porch lights also add a touch of elegance and curb appeal to just about any home,” notes Marcia. “Just remember to size the light correctly for the size of your home. Most people buy fixtures that are too small for their porch space. I like to cut out a piece of paper that’s the size of the fixture, tape it into location and then stand at the curb or in the walkway to see how it will look. The same approach can be used to size backyard patio lights.” 

Dark Sky Lighting
One option for outdoor lighting around your home is what is called Dark Sky outdoor lights. These types of lights aim light at the ground, not the sky, reducing light pollution. Many local communities have Dark Sky lighting regulations, which may specifically call for this type of lighting. “Even if you don’t need to install this type, it is still a great option for homeowners,” says Marcia. “With more light on the ground, they can actually improve visibility in walkways by reducing light glare and flares. This means you can reduce the wattage of the bulbs you use, saving energy over the long term.” 

Security Lights
Security is always an issue with outdoor lighting, notes Marcia. “Aside from style, you’ll also want to make sure that your plan offers safety and security for your summer evenings outdoors. I love using dusk to dawn lights for seating areas, porches and garden pathways.” This type of lighting uses a built-in photocell to automatically turn the light on at dusk and then off again at dawn. “You don’t have to be home for the outdoor lighting to turn on and you don’t have to remember to turn lights off after a party or family gathering,” explains Marcia. “The built-in dusk to dawn feature takes care of everything for you, which is a great security feature as well as something that will save you energy and money.” 

Energy Efficient Outdoor Lighting
For those wanting to really save on their energy bills, energy efficient outdoor lights are the way to go. “Today there are more energy efficient outdoor lighting designs on the market than ever before,” says Marcia. “Many of these use new LED technology or other design features to make them as energy-miser as possible, and they come in all styles for your home, from traditional to really ultra-modern looks.” 

Energy Star rated outdoor lights are a popular option, though designs without the rating can be just as energy efficient. Energy Star is a government program tests fixtures based on guidelines set by the EPA and the U.S. Department of Energy. “Look for the tags on products to see if they are Energy Star,” says Marcia, She also advises that consumers look at the wattage of the bulbs used by the fixture and, also very important, the lumens, or light level output, the bulbs produce. “This will really help you determine how much light a design will produce and at what cost. Outdoor lights are on a lot, so it’s important to know what your energy costs will be before you buy.” 

Add the Party Lights
What’s a summer season without a BBQ or pool party? String lights, often called party lights, are an inexpensive way to add a fun look to your summer entertaining. Many times you can string together multiple strands of lights, so you can use them to cover large decks or garden areas. They are found in a wide range of themes, from paper lanterns to flowers, with a number of child-themed options as well. “I love that you can just string them up for a party to transform the look of your space, plug them in, and then quickly take them down the next day after the party is over,” says Marcia. “And you don’t even have to hang them up. You can just bunch them together and put them in tall glass jars or wrap them around tree trunks to create really interesting effects.” 

Source: Lamps Plus

Job Hunting? Top 10 Secret Reasons a Resume Can Get Overlooked

May 1, 2012 5:42 pm

The resume is one of the most critical components in their job seekers getting the interview. Read the following top reasons that resumes may not land interviews, provided by Flex Hour Jobs. 

1. Resume is too wacky or unprofessional.
2. Screening software excludes resumes without relevant experience or pertinent keywords.
3. Extensive and unexplained work gaps indicating a possible lack of updated skills.
Lack of mobility or inability to travel or relocate.
4. Job Seeker too focused on kind of company they want to work for, rather than what they can do for the company.
5. Resumes not formatted optimally with visible attention-catching information.
Too many typos or poor grammar.
6. Resume appears mass mailed and not specific to the job.
7. Candidate over qualified, too set in their ways of doing a job the same way for years.
8. Resume appears overly embellished with experience and achievements. 

A well thought-out, targeted search for a job will allow the job seeker to focus on the exact requirements of that position and make sure that relevant job experience is clearly stated in a visible area of the resume. Most hiring managers’ minds will be made up about a candidate within 6-15 seconds of reading a resume, so the top of the resume is critical. 

Flex Hour Job founder Jacqueline Sloboda states that, “Online resume submissions should list the most eye-catching information above the fold, visible before the viewer has to scroll down.”


Word of the Day

May 1, 2012 5:42 pm

Eminent domain. The right or power of government to acquire private property for public use without the consent of the owner, provided fair compensation is provided.

Question of the Day

May 1, 2012 5:42 pm

Q: How can I finance a remodeling project?
: There are many ways to finance a remodeling project. If you have equity in your home, a good credit rating, and steady income, you can refinance your mortgage and borrow a percentage of the equity to cover remodeling costs. Refinancing is a good option if you can get a mortgage interest rate at least two percentage points below your current home loan rate. Other options include a second mortgage, a home equity loan, or an unsecured loan. Less popular options: margin loans, which are taken against securities you own, and loans from retirement plans, life insurance policies and credit cards.

8 Ways to Save Money on Airfare

April 30, 2012 5:34 pm

If summer travel is in your plans, there are a few tips to consider that may help you save a bundle on airfare, according to Joe Brancatelli, publisher of the website,

“On a single flight, there can be more than a dozen pricing categories,” Brancatelli says. He offers these tips to help you snag the best deals in the air:

• Book six weeks in advance – Data collected over four years shows that while some of the best deals may be found at other times, booking 42 days in advance of your flight will generally save you money.
• Check for morning deals – Although some airlines offer discounted tickets all day, the early morning is the best time to find discounted fares.
• Check on Tuesday afternoons – According to, many discount deals are offered online on Tuesdays at 3 p.m. Eastern time.
• Fly on Wednesdays – Flying on a Wednesday can net you airfare discounts, with Tuesdays and Saturdays not far behind. Those are the days when the most empty seats often require discounting to fill the plane.
• Fly early – While it may mean getting up well before sunrise, you will find the first flights of any morning are always the cheapest, studies show.
• Check low-cost airlines individually - Comparison sites like don't necessarily do all the work. Some low-cost airlines, like Southwest in the United States and Ryanair in Europe, don't allow their tickets to be quoted on popular comparison websites. So check them separately.
• Sign up for free alerts - Almost every major online booking site offers airfare alerts that ping you when fare prices fall. stands out from the pack.
• Build a relationship - Elite members of an airline's frequent-flyer program, or those who have a credit card tied to the airline, automatically have a leg-up on being offered lower fares. Also, credit cards tied to the airlines offer perks that were once standard, such as free checked bags, priority boarding, and seat selection, so they may be worth signing up for if you fly frequently on one airline.