Gunning Daily News

Cough and Cold Season Tips for Multitasking Parents

November 9, 2011 3:46 pm

As cough and cold season descends on multitasking parents, a duo of germ and parenting experts have released a new guide that does double duty to help keep kids' coughs and colds at bay. The "Twice as Handy Cough and Cold Season Guide" features expert germ-fighting advice from microbiologist Dr. Benjamin Tanner as well as practical tips for moms from parenting guru Stacy DeBroff.

"The common cold is a leading cause of missed school days," says Dr. Tanner. "Studies have shown that most cold viruses are spread by surfaces through 'self-inoculation' where hands pick up cold viruses, and then touch the nose or eyes to initiate infection. Washing hands often is a necessary task to ensure germ prevention and combat the spread of cold viruses."

While germs may seem to be everywhere, the "Twice as Handy Cough and Cold Season Guide" helps moms zero in on the areas most important to help keep the family healthy this cough and cold season. The guide features a double-dose of tips from both Dr. Tanner and Stacy Debroff. Backed by extensive knowledge in each of their dedicated fields, the experts offer helpful advice for the season, such as:

Practice Good Hygiene for at Least a Week after a Cold. Cold and cold germs can be found in nasal secretions of children for two to three weeks after the onset of symptoms. That's a long time for an unwanted guest to stick around!

Go into Laundry Overdrive. When a cold assault runs through a family, wash your kids' pillowcases and sheets in very hot water—even daily, if you can. And, if your child constantly clutches a blanket or stuffed animal, toss those in, too.

Keep Your Immune System Healthy. Studies show that maintaining a healthy body weight with proper nutrition reduces risks of infection, and also may prevent inflammation (potentially damaging immune system hyperactivity).

Keep kids' immune systems kicking during cough and cold season by preparing healthy meals with lots of fruits and vegetables. By adding a chewable multivitamin each day, Moms also can help ensure children get needed vitamins.

"Moms are really pressed right now to make everything work doubly hard to keep their families healthy," says DeBroff.

For more information, visit www.wetones.com.

Question of the Day

November 9, 2011 3:46 pm

Q: Can I use an agent to purchase a newly built home?

A: Yes. In fact, some builders pay agents to find prospective buyers. But you also can use a buyer’s agent to help negotiate the price and upgrades on a new home. An agent can be particularly valuable directing you to newly built developments that match your needs, as well as helping you select reputable builders who are financially sound and respond promptly to buyers’ concerns.

Builders normally require an agent to be present on your first visit to the site. This is a sensible procedure that allows the agent to be paid a commission should you decide to buy. Otherwise, if you find a development on your own, make a first visit without the agent, and later make a purchase, the builder may refuse to pay the commission – even if, at some point, the agent became involved in the process.

6 Budget-Friendly Honeymoon Tips

November 8, 2011 4:58 pm

If there’s a honeymoon—or even a second honeymoon—in your future, you may already be considering where you want to go. Whether your choice is a ski vacation, an entertainment capital, or a deserted, sandy beach, say the travel experts at weddingchannel.com, you would be wise to start planning several months in advance in order to get the best deals.

The experts offer six tips for making your dream honeymoon more fun and more affordable:
1. Consider the timing – Traveling off-season can save you big bucks both on airfare and resorts. Even ‘shoulder season’—two or three weeks before or after the peak season—offers considerable value. If possible, plan your wedding to take advantage of these travel discount periods. If the wedding date is firm, check with a travel agent for information on where the deals are whenever your honeymoon will begin.
2. Go where the dollar is strong – If you plan to leave the country, check the financial markets for information on where the U.S. dollar buys more. At home, choose destinations ‘off the beaten path’ to find the best values.
3. Try for frequent flyer mile gifting – Since free or discounted airfare will make your trip more affordable, ask your family members and your wedding party for gifts of their frequent flyer miles. This can be an especially wise choice if you have little need for traditional wedding registry items.
4. Register your honeymoon – Popular resorts like Sandals and Starwood sell honeymoon ‘gift certificates’ at sites like weddingchannel.com. Tell guests who ask that that’s where you are registered, and make their gift selection easy.
5. Don’t book all the extras – Recreational outings, such as scuba diving, horseback riding, and local tours are often cheaper when you book them on-site. Make air and hotel reservations early, but wait till you get there before you book excursions.
6. Broadcast your status – Whether it’s in the air or at a hotel or restaurant, flaunt your newlywed or second honeymoon status. More often than not, it will net you upgrades, discounts or vouchers that are sure to save you money.

3 Ways to Clean Your Home with Less Effort

November 8, 2011 4:58 pm

Cleaning your home can be time consuming, and the longer you go between cleanings, the more effort it takes. Follow these simple suggestions to keep dust at bay while still keeping up with work, family and friends.

1. Do a little daily. Vowing to do a bit of cleaning every day—even something as simple as wiping down your kitchen counters or vacuuming one room—can have a big impact. Five to ten minutes a day will give you great results, and you will never fall too far behind.

2. Clean while you wait. How many minutes a day do you spend waiting for that commercial to end or dinner to finish simmering on the stove? Spend those extra minutes sweeping the dining room floor, dusting windowsills, etc.

3. Stay organized. The less clutter you have around your home, the less you have to maneuver around to get a good clean. Purge your home of any unused objects or knickknacks you don’t need. (Bonus: sell them at a garage sale for a little extra cash!) Keep in mind that clear surfaces automatically look cleaner than messy ones. Pick up after yourself all week long to avoid a mess come the weekend.

Local Firewood; Preventing the Spread of Invasive Pests and Creating Substantial Savings

November 8, 2011 4:58 pm

As fall turns into winter, people across the country buy or gather firewood to heat their homes, campsites, and cabins; and many aren't aware that moving firewood more than 50 miles can increase the risk of new invasive pest infestations that kill trees. A recent study, "Economic Impacts of Non-Native Forest Insects in the Continental United States" by Aukema et al., estimates that the costs of damages associated with these pest infestations in both urban and rural areas are nearly $1.7 billion in local government expenditures and approximately $830 million in lost residential property values totaling more than $2.5 billion annually.

According to this research, more than 450 non-native forest insects are established in the United States. Many of the insects featured in this report, including the emerald ash borer, red bay ambrosia beetle, and thousand cankers disease, are known to move frequently on infested firewood. Other pests that move on firewood have cost local and federal authorities tens of millions of dollars to control and eradicate in just the past five years.

"This new study tells us that when people move firewood, they could unwittingly cause millions of dollars of damage to their communities, including their own properties," said Leigh Greenwood, Don't Move Firewood campaign manager, The Nature Conservancy. "Fortunately, people can stop the spread of these destructive and costly pests, and save their community trees by buying locally harvested firewood and by communicating this message to their friends and neighbors."

Invasive insects and diseases can even lurk in dry and seasoned firewood, hidden in the layers of wood beneath the bark, which makes them difficult to detect. While these pests cannot move far on their own, when people move this firewood that harbors them, they unwittingly enable these pests to start an infestation far from their current range. Past invaders have devastated native species of trees such as the American chestnut, hemlock, and American elm – tree species that had been part of American forests and city streets for centuries until the invasion of foreign pests decimated them.

"Burning a wood fire in the winter has a lot of different uses – a primary heat source, a place for a family gathering, or part of a romantic evening," said Greenwood. "When firewood comes from a well managed local forest, it's a great alternative to using fossil fuels like oil and natural gas. Our campaign is focused on educating people how they can help protect local trees and communities by not risking the accidental movement of insects and diseases that can wipe out entire forests that when buying firewood for these purposes."

By buying locally harvested wood, individuals can help protect themselves and their communities from decreases in property values, the high expense of removing diseased or infested trees, and the loss of attractive landscapes. Another good reason to buy wood locally is that in many regions of the country, it is illegal to move firewood over county or state lines.

Following are tips from the Don't Move Firewood campaign:

• Obtain firewood near the location where you will burn it – that means the wood was cut in a nearby forest, in the same county, or a maximum of 50 miles from where you'll have your fire.
• Don't be tempted to get firewood from a remote location just because the wood looks clean and healthy. It could still harbor tiny insect eggs or microscopic fungal spores that will start a new and deadly infestation of forest pests.
• Aged or seasoned wood is not considered safe to move, but commercially kiln-dried wood is a good option if you must transport firewood.
• If you have already moved firewood, and you need to dispose of it safely, burn it soon and completely. Make sure to rake the storage area carefully and also burn the debris. In the future, buy from a local source. • Tell your friends and others about the risks of moving firewood—no one wants to be responsible for starting a new pest infestation.

For more information, visit www.dontmovefirewood.org.


How Is Diabetes Treated in Children?

November 8, 2011 4:58 pm

Is your child gaining weight or becoming more and more lethargic? Then he or she may be at risk for getting type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes once occurred mainly in adults who are overweight and over 40, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Today, it is increasingly diagnosed in youths age 10 to 19.

Why is this happening? Because just like adults, kids are heavier now. An estimated 1 in 6 children and teens is obese, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Along with a family history of diabetes, being overweight and inactive are the main risk factors for type 2 diabetes, says Ilan Irony, M.D., an endocrinologist at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

The two main types of diabetes—type 1 and type 2—are treatable, says Irony. “In addition to changes in diet and a healthier lifestyle, treatments can help control blood sugar and prevent or delay long-term complications of diabetes.”

FDA-approved treatments for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are all about keeping the blood sugar (glucose) levels in a normal range.

But there is no one treatment that works for everybody, says Irony. And treatments may need to be changed if side effects of a particular medication are not tolerated. Also, additional medications may need to be added as diabetes gets worse over time.

Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is most often diagnosed in children starting at age 12 or 13, says Irony. “In children, the disease tends to get worse in puberty when the body produces hormones that make insulin less effective,” he says. Insulin is the hormone that controls blood sugar levels.

“The first line of treatment is a healthy diet and other lifestyle changes,” says Irony. “If a child is overweight or obese, losing weight and increasing physical activity can help lower blood sugar.”

Ask the pediatrician if your child is a healthy weight or needs to lose weight. And children and adolescents should do at least one hour of physical activity each day, according to the federal government’s 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. 

Type 2 diabetes may be controlled with diet and exercise for a while—sometimes years—says Irony. “But the disease is progressive and medication will be needed later in the majority of patients.”

FDA has approved one glucose-lowering medication—metformin—in pill and liquid form for children. Metformin, used daily, increases the body’s sensitivity to its own insulin so it becomes more active and pushes glucose into the cells. The most common side effects of metformin—upset stomach, nausea and diarrhea—generally go away within a few weeks.

In rare cases, metformin can cause a serious and sometimes fatal side effect called lactic acidosis—a buildup of lactic acid in the blood. This rare condition has occurred mostly in people whose kidneys were not working normally.

FDA has recently approved a number of different drugs for diabetes in adults that are currently being studied for use in children, Irony says.

Injectable insulins—which move glucose from the blood to the body’s cells—are approved for children with diabetes. If the drug metformin alone doesn’t bring the blood sugar down to normal, insulin can be injected and help achieve better control.

Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes accounts for almost all diabetes in children younger than 10, and it is also on the rise in U.S. children and adolescents. Formerly called juvenile diabetes, type 1 occurs when the body’s immune system destroys the insulin-making cells in the pancreas. Researchers are still investigating the causes of diabetes.

For children with type 1 diabetes, multiple injections of insulin are needed every day to keep the blood sugar in check.

“Treatment is individualized to the child and the spikes of high or low blood sugar need to be minimized,” says Irony. It’s a balancing act to lower the blood sugar but not get it too low, which could make the child feel shaky or pass out, he adds.

Diabetes Devices
Children with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, like adults, must test their blood sugar multiple times a day. FDA regulates medical devices, including portable meters and monitors, used to check blood sugar levels. The agency also regulates devices such as syringes, pens, and pumps used to inject insulin.

Syringes and pens are used manually to inject insulin. Pumps are computerized devices programmed to deliver a continuous flow of insulin, even while you sleep. FDA has approved more than 55 different insulin pumps. A pump system generally consists of
• a pumping mechanism that holds batteries and a cartridge filled with insulin. The pump, which is similar in size to a pager, is worn outside the body on a belt or in a pocket.
• a tube (catheter) that carries insulin from the pump to another tube (cannula) implanted just under the skin, typically in the belly or back.
Pump technology continues to evolve, says Alan Stevens, a mechanical engineer and FDA’s infusion pump team leader. A newer type is the “patch” pump, he says, in which the tubing is contained within a pump directly attached to the body with adhesive. A small, hand-held computer similar to a PDA, which directs the pump, can be carried in a purse or pocket.

What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes occurs because of defects in the body’s ability to produce or use insulin—a hormone needed to convert food into energy. Insulin is made in the pancreas and is released into the blood to control glucose (sugar) levels and the amount of glucose transported into cells as an energy source. If the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin, or if the cells do not respond appropriately to insulin, glucose can't get into the cells and instead stays in the blood and is passed in the urine. The blood sugar level then gets too high.

High blood sugar can, over time, lead to devastating health problems, including
• heart attack
• stroke
• kidney disease
• nerve damage
• loss of toes or feet
• digestive problems
• blindness
• gum problems and loss of teeth 

For more information, visit www.fda.gov.

Word of the Day

November 8, 2011 4:58 pm

Planned Unit Development (PUD). Individually owned houses with community ownership of common areas, such as swimming pools and tennis courts.

Question of the Day

November 8, 2011 4:58 pm

Q: What does a buyer’s agent do?

A: A buyer’s agent represents the buyer exclusively. This means he works to protect your interests in the transaction and helps to negotiate the best purchase price and terms. More information about buyers’ agents is available by contacting the National Association of Exclusive Buyer Agents at (609) 799-4382, or log on to www.naeba.org.

Patience is Key when Looking for and Purchasing Rental Property

November 7, 2011 4:44 pm

As today’s economy continues to struggle, homeowners across the country are looking for ways to make ends meet, and many are taking on the role of landlord. While jumping into the rental scene may seem enticing, it is important to make sure you are prepared for the task before you get started.

According to the experts at AllBusiness.com, the following tips will help homeowners looking to buy rental property find success, no matter what the market.

Do your homework and find a reputable agent or broker. Taking the time to find a reputable real estate agent or broker before you begin searching for a rental property is crucial. The agent or broker that you ultimately choose to work with should know the neighborhood(s) where you are interested in buying, in addition to helping you choose properties that fit your needs.

Make sure your finances are organized. Going through your finances and making sure everything is in order is a crucial part of the purchasing process that shouldn’t be overlooked. If there is any chance that you will be taking out a mortgage in order to finance your rental property, it is important to do your research early to make sure there are no discrepancies on your credit report. If you find that your credit report is inaccurate, report it immediately so you can get the problem resolved quickly.

Set a maximum amount you can afford to pay. Before you even begin looking at properties, you should carefully examine your finances and your current situation to establish the maximum amount of money you can afford to spend. By not coming up with a number beforehand, it is easy to get carried away and spend more money than you should have.

Schedule a home inspection. Before you buy a rental property, be sure to call in a professional home inspector who will come and evaluate the home. Home inspectors will be able to tell you if the home is safe to live in, and if there are any problems that need to be addressed. This is a great way to avoid expensive repairs down the road.

Take a close look at the neighborhood. Once you have found the property that will best suit your needs, be sure to take the time and get to know the neighborhood. It is usually a good idea to visit the neighborhood during the day and at night so you can get an accurate feel for what the area is like.

Stay up-to-date. If you are looking to purchase a rental property in an area in which you aren’t familiar, you should do your homework and get to know the local real estate market. The agent or broker you are working with will be able to provide you with current information about the area as well.

Ask around. These days, people are turning any situation into a networking opportunity, so be sure to take advantage of those around you when looking for a rental property. It doesn’t hurt to ask friends, family, business owners and individuals who live in the area whether there is anything available or if they know of anyone who may be leaving the area at some point. Initiating this dialogue will keep you top of mind when something does come along.

Don’t settle. Just like you wouldn’t settle if you were in the process of buying your primary residence, it is important to treat the rental property search the same way. It may take a while to find the perfect rental location, so be patient with the process.

Ask for comparables. Your agent or broker can provide you with information regarding comparable properties in the area. It is important to take notice of the rental income, sales price, square footage and other relevant information to be sure you are getting a good deal.

Off Season: Closing Up Your Summer Home for the Winter

November 7, 2011 4:44 pm

After a lovely summer in your cabin or cottage comes the ugly job of closing up for the winter. Use this checklist to make sure opening up in the spring doesn't hold any bad surprises.

Inside tips:
• Shut the water off and drain the plumbing system.
• Turn off the power at the main switch.
• Remove all food. This includes canned goods, which might freeze and burst, and plastic containers. Plastic doesn't stop bears or rodents.
• Defrost the refrigerator-freezer and unplug it. Leave doors open or put an open box of baking soda inside.
• Place some proven anti-mildew products around the cabin.
• Close and lock all windows. Close all drapes or blinds, or hang blankets over windows. Remove and store screens if possible. 

Outside tips:
• Till your garden and add fertilizer or compost.
• Mow your lawn. Apply natural fall fertilizer or lime. Trim branches that touch the cottage. Keep woodpiles off the ground and at least 30 feet from the cottage.
• Put gas stabilizer in your gas cans and vehicle gas tanks. Start engines and motors to run the stabilizer through the system. Drain water from outboard motors. Store expensive property in a controlled storage area, if possible.
• In your shed, pick up tools and remove debris.
• Inspect the cabin roof. Replace missing or broken shingles. Check any wire mesh screens and the caulking around the chimney flashing. (Don't use foam caulking; it won't stop rodents).
• Check the dryer vent—the most common rodent entry point. Make sure it's fully caulked (but not with foam) and has a wire mesh screen.
• Ask neighbors to watch your place. Make sure they have your phone number and e-mail address.