Gunning Daily News
January 6, 2012 5:16 pm
Adults aren’t the only ones making money-smart decisions these days. In fact, the 2011 Free Enterprise National Survey found that 64 percent of high school juniors were interested in starting or owning their own businesses. And, 15 percent of respondents had already started their own business.
Additionally, The 2010 Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation's Youth Entrepreneurship Survey found that 40 percent of students between the ages of 8 and 24 would like to start a business in the future, or already have done so.
Do your kids keep asking what they can do to earn more allowance? Do they know how to save up for something they want? You might have a budding entrepreneur on your hands. From setting up a lemonade stand on the corner to creating smartphone apps, kids are learning the ropes of running a business early.
Yet with all this interest in entrepreneurship, few students are getting this information from school. According to the Council for Economic Education, only 15 states require public high schools to offer a personal finance course, and there are no national standards for an entrepreneurial education.
If you have a budding entrepreneur in the family, what can you do to encourage and equip them to take on the challenges of starting and running a business?
Kim Danger, personal finance expert and founder of www.MommySavers.com, says that even if you're not a business-minded person, you can help your child or teen grow in this area.
"It's never too early to start learning about financial matters, whether it's managing their allowances or starting their own dog-sitting service," Danger says. "In addition to talking with them about money matters and being a good role model when it comes to finances, there are some things you can do to help them get some real-world business experiences."
• Take them seriously. If they have an idea for a product improvement or a service they can provide to neighbors, don't dismiss it. Listen to the idea and ask them questions to help them figure out how to make that idea a reality. Even if they don't make a dime, they'll get a boost in confidence and some lessons in planning and critical thinking that will pay off later.
• Don't do too much. It can be very tempting for adults to take over a project and "do it right," but kids need to learn from mistakes, and to take responsibility for decisions and their consequences. Entrepreneurship means facing a lot of challenges that require persistence, patience, determination and creative problem solving. They'll miss out on all those lessons if you do the legwork for them.
• Make sure it's a labor of love. It's one thing to come up with an idea to make some short-term pocket money. But starting a business takes a lot of time and effort, so it needs to be something that they can be passionate about. Starting a pet-care business when they don't really love dogs will not end well.
"Kids have energy, imagination and creativity that could very well lead to the next big idea or make a big difference in their world," says Danger. "All they need is some encouragement from you and they can start creating their own future today."
January 6, 2012 5:16 pm
Survey. An exact measurement of the size and boundaries of a piece of land by civil engineers or surveyors.
January 6, 2012 5:16 pm
Q: What guidelines should I follow to find a contractor?
A: Always exercise caution and be comfortable and confident about your final decision. This means selecting a competent and reliable contractor with a track record who can complete the job without hassles or negative consequences. What you can do:
• Get word-of-mouth referrals. Ask friends, family, co-workers and neighbors for the names of established, local contractors in your area; avoid the telephone book.
• Call trade groups. When all else fails, contact local trade organizations, such as the local builder association or the Remodelors Council, an arm of the National Association of Home Builders, for the names of reputable members in your area.
• Associate with licensed contractors. Many states require contractors to be licensed and bonded. Contact your state or local licensing board to ensure the contractor meets all requirements and has a decent record. The Better Business Bureau and the local Consumer Affairs Office can also tell you if any complaints have been filed against the contractor and how they were resolved.
• Conduct interviews. Talk with each contractor, request free estimates, and ask for recent references. When dealing with several different contractors, make sure they’re bidding on similar project specifications and quality of work. Remember, the lowest bid isn’t always the best.
• Check insurance information. Most states require a contractor to have workers’ compensation, property damage, and personal liability insurance. Ask for proof of this insurance and get the name of the insurance company to verify the information and to ensure that all minimum insurance requirements are met. You could be held liable for any work-related injury if the contractor is not covered.
January 6, 2012 5:16 pm
Tax basis. The price paid for a property plus certain costs and expenses, such as closing costs, legal counsel, and a commission paid to help find the property.
January 6, 2012 5:16 pm
Q: Are there specific questions I should ask a contractor?
A: According to the National Association of the Remodeling Industry, sometimes it’s not the responses you get that are important, but what you don’t get. So you should trust your instincts and pay attention to the information that is obviously missing. Nevertheless, here are some questions NARI suggest you ask before signing that remodeling contract:
• How long have you been in business?
• What is your approach to a project such as this?
• Who will be working on the project? Are they employees or subcontractors?
• Who will be assigned as project supervisor for the job?
• Does your company carry workers’ compensation and liability insurance?
• How many projects like mine have you completed in the past year?
• May I have a list of references from those projects?
• Are you a member of a national trade association?
• Have you or your employees been certified in remodeling or had any special training or education?
It also wouldn’t hurt to inquire about how trash removal and clean up will be handled and the times workers will begin and end work – this is not only for your convenience but also for your neighbors, who have to endure the noise and fewer parking spaces that may result from your project.
January 6, 2012 5:16 pm
As 2011 turns a new leaf and a new year, I am looking back on some of the best—or most tried and true—consumer advice dispensed during the past year, all while looking forward to some of the top trends and issues expected to top consumers' agendas in 2012.
Picking up on the continuing trend of rehabbing expected in 2012, some great advice on larger-scale rehab projects came our way in 2011 courtesy of the National Park Service’s Technical Preservation Services—the nation's leading provider of information and guidance on the care of vintage/historic buildings.
In exploring the agency’s Standards for Rehabilitation & Illustrated Guidelines on Sustainability for Rehabilitating Historic Building we learned:
• Using shutters, operable windows, porches, curtains, awnings, shade trees and other historically appropriate non-mechanical features reduces heating and cooling loads. Consider adding sensitively designed storm windows to existing historic windows.
• Retaining or upgrading existing mechanical systems whenever possible is the way to go. Reuse radiator systems with new boilers, upgrade ventilation within the building, and install proper thermostats or humidistats.
• You can greatly improve energy efficiency of existing buildings by installing insulation in attics and basements. Add insulation and vapor barriers to exterior walls only when it can be done without further damage to the resource.
• In major spaces, seek to retain decorative elements of the historic system whenever possible. This includes switch-plates, grilles and radiators. Be creative in adapting these features to work within the new or upgraded system.
We also learned when renovating a vintage/historic property, design climate control systems that are compatible with the architecture of the building: hidden system for formal spaces, more exposed systems possible in industrial or secondary spaces. In exposed areas, avoid standard commercial registers and use custom slot registers or other less intrusive grilles.
Size the system to work within the physical constraints of the building. Use multi-zoned smaller units in conjunction with existing vertical shafts, such as stacked closets, or consider locating equipment underground, if possible.
Then, maintain appropriate temperature and humidity levels to meet requirements without accelerating the deterioration of any historic building materials. Set up regular monitoring schedules, and have a regular maintenance program to extend equipment life and to ensure proper performance.
To view the entire guide, start by visiting Technical Preservation Services at www.nps.gov/hps/tps.
January 6, 2012 5:16 pm
Taking the necessary safety precautions and understanding your electric system is crucial—it can help you understand what to look for in your new home, guarantee the approval of home owner’s insurance and provide you with the confidence and know-how to stay safe in an emergency situation.
While all major electrical repairs should be done by a professional electrician, understanding your electrical system is an essential part of buying, owning and selling a home.
Know Your Panels
Knowing how your electric panel functions is an essential safety precaution. Your electric panel is the direct connection point between your home’s wiring and your incoming electric current. Each panel should contain a main shut off (service disconnect), a circuit breaker (overload protection) and wiring. Each part of your panel should be clearly labeled for fast use in any emergency. Having a service disconnect is one of the biggest safety precautions you can take regarding your electric panel.
When analyzing your panel, be wary of oversized fuses or circuit breakers, or multiple circuits connected to a single overload device. These can create an overload hazard—a safe electric panel should have one wire per fuse or circuit breaker.
Learn Your Lines
Service lines bringing electrical current to a home can be run overhead or buried. However, if you have overhead lines, be sure all ladders, poles, outdoor cable dishes or trees are a safe distance away to avoid accidental contact.
Wire it Right
If you have an older home, keep an eye out for knob and tube wiring, a two-wire system that is not congruent with modern, up-to-date appliances and can cause potential safety hazards.
If your circuits contain aluminum wiring, you should get it check by professional who can determine if work or replacement is necessary. Aluminum wiring is no longer typically installed on household circuits due to the common occurrence of faulty connections.
If your home is not already equipped with a Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI), consider having one installed. GFCIs are personal safety devices installed in high-hazard locations, including exteriors, kitchens and bathrooms.
You may also want to consider installing an Arc-Fault Circuit-Interupter—or AFCI—in your living or sleeping area. These circuit breakers are meant to detect faulty arcs and significantly reduce your risk for electrical fires.
January 6, 2012 5:16 pm
In an increasingly competitive global market, education is becoming more important. But many families find the cost of education to be outside their grasp. According to a study commissioned by the US Department of Education, from the 2001-02 to the 2010-11 academic year, the cost of attending a 4-year undergraduate in-state school rose by 47.3 percent.
With ever-increasing education expenses, many families are accumulating significant debt, putting students further behind. However, with planning and financial management, students can control their finances. Here are some tips for parents of soon-to-be college students.
Start the conversation. Talk with other parents, teachers and guidance counselors about the cost of education. Make contact with the student financial aid offices of the colleges on your child's list and get an accurate estimate of the cost of each institute. Most importantly, talk with your child. It is imperative your child learns the budgeting process as they will soon be managing their finances away from home.
Set the budget and stick to it. Once you have a set budget, add wiggle room for other unforeseeable expenses. Make sure you set this budget realistically. Calculating the cost of pens and pencils may seem ludicrous, but if you're on a tight budget, every expense counts.
Get connected. Tracking your financial spending is easier than ever. From smart phone apps to free financial planning software, you can get an accurate financial report at any time. Research banks to determine which ones offer services to help you can stay on top of your budget. Also, consider linking your banking account with your child's, to easily transfer funds online.
Make a plan. When taking on debt, it is important to have a plan for paying it off. Calculate the monthly payments and time it will take your child to pay off the debt. Research salary ranges for the field in which your child plans to pursue a career to understand the debt they can realistically carry. Find more information and calculators to help determine payment schedules and interest rates at www.direct.ed.gov.
Do your research. Before taking out a student loan, look to other options, such as financial aid and scholarships. While some scholarships are awarded on academic merit, others are given based upon both academic performance and community service. Foresters™, a life insurance provider committed to the well-being of families and their communities, is one organization that provides a competitive scholarship program1 open to eligible members or their dependent children, including grandchildren, worth up to $8,000.
Recipients can use the scholarship to attend accredited universities, colleges and vocational schools, as long as they are pursuing their first post-secondary degree or diploma. There are up to 350 Foresters Competitive Scholarships available, in the US and Canada including five Ken Peterson Awards for Community Service. These awards are worth up to $11,000.
January 6, 2012 5:16 pm
Fitness goals are a common trend in New Year’s resolutions. Between gym memberships, the latest diet fads and miracle-promising supplements, billions of dollars get spent each year on achieving fitness goals.
Many people don’t realize that one of the best things you can do for your body is not found at the gym, or in a pill. Believe it or not, being properly hydrated is one of the healthiest things you can do. That means being in balance—the water your body loses from perspiration, breathing and other body processes is replaced by the water you consume.
Based on clinical trials on adults, published in the journal Nutrition Reviews in 2005, scientists have identified that dehydration has an impact on physical and mental performance. Even mild dehydration—a loss of 1 to 2 percent of body weight—can impact your mental and physical performance. In addition to being thirsty, mild dehydration can cause headaches, decrease your alertness, concentration and memory, and reduce your endurance.
So making sure you stay healthfully hydrated is an important part of taking good care of your body. And water is the key.
Easy Ways to Stay Hydrated
Good hydration is at the heart of a healthy lifestyle. Here are some tips for getting water into your daily routine:
1. Choose water instead of caloric, sweetened beverages, especially during mealtime.
2. For an easy and inexpensive thirst-quencher, carry bottled water throughout the day.
3. Give your water variety by adding slices of lemon, lime, cucumber or watermelon.
4. Choose flavored sparkling water as another zero- calorie option.
5. Drink a cup of water before and after workouts, and more if it's hot or your workout is long and strenuous. Sip water throughout the workout for steady rehydration.
Drink in the Facts
• 38 out of 50 states have obesity rates higher than 25 percent. According to "F as in Fat: How Obesity Threatens America's Future 2011," a report funded by Trust for America's Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, twenty years ago no state had an obesity rate above 15 percent.
• The average person gets more than 20 percent of their total caloric intake each day from beverages. Research suggests this number should be closer to 10 percent. To achieve that goal, pay attention to the calories per serving in all your beverages.
• We drink about 450 calories a day. In 1965 we consumed only 225 calories from beverages.
• A 2010 study from the U.S. Department of Agriculture found that soda, energy and sports drinks—including sweetened water products—are the number 4 source of calories for Americans, providing an average of 114 calories/day.
• Unlike soft drinks and sweetened juices, water has no calories. In fact, making a simple switch such as replacing one 140-calorie sugared beverage a day with water can reduce 50,000 calories from your diet each year, as reported in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
January 6, 2012 4:46 pm
When the cold weather hits, we tend to hunker down inside. While this hibernation period may be relaxing, staying indoors so much during the winter months can create clutter and mess around the house. But you don't have to wait until spring to give your house a good spring cleaning, and you don't have to do an extreme makeover. You can wake up and spruce up a tired-looking home with a few simple cleaning and organizing routines.
Here are some tips and tricks for making your home spring-clean right now, one room at a time.
• Window blinds collect dust and dust mites all winter. To clean plastic blinds, add cleaning solution to tub water. Remove blinds and let them soak in the tub. Clean them with a well-bristled brush, then let them dry and rehang them.
• Remove fabric window coverings and clean as needed. Use a feather duster around window frames to remove cobwebs and dust.
Freshen up carpets by sprinkling baking soda on them, letting it sit for 30 minutes, then vacuuming.
• Carefully wipe the tops and bottoms of ceiling fan blades, which provide a perfect, level surface for dust to collect.
• Clean out the refrigerator and freezer, making sure to get rid of all expired products and old leftovers. Remove shelving and drawers and wipe them down using mild soapy water.
• Tackle your oven, inside and out. If your oven is self-cleaning, set it in the self-cleaning mode. Consult your manual for an estimated cleaning time.
• Also, make your stovetop and hood shine like new with a quick wipe from a sponge sprayed with cleaning solution. If your oven is not a self-cleaning appliance, use cleaning solution to wipe away baked on grease and grime. Remember to make sure the oven is cool before applying the solution.
• Don't forget to clean your dishwasher, too. Remove trapped food particles from the bottom and around any moving parts. Pour a cup of vinegar into the empty dishwasher and run it to clean the inside.
• Wipe down the outside of your cabinets, especially around the stove area.
Vacuum and mop the floors, and launder any area rugs.
• Launder bed linens—including dust ruffles, bedspreads and pillow shams.
Move furniture around so you can vacuum underneath and get rid of any dust bunnies that might have accumulated. While you're at it, try a new furniture arrangement to freshen up the look of the room.
• Now's a great time to clean out clothes closets. Empty closets to vacuum and dust inside. Then, before putting clothes back, sort through them and get rid of those items that no longer fit or that you don't wear anymore. You can donate them to a local charity.
• Clean blinds, light fixtures and ceiling fans. Wipe smudges off of light switch covers and door frames, too.
• Wipe down and disinfect all fixtures. Remember lighting fixtures, too.
• Carefully remove glass fixtures and clean with warm, soapy water. Let them dry thoroughly before reattaching.
• Sort through products and discard or recycle old bottles and containers. Get rid of excess clutter in your bathroom cabinets. Remove items from the medicine cabinet and wipe down all surfaces.
• Use cleaner to remove grease, grime, mildew stains and soap scum from your bathroom surfaces, including tubs, sinks, toilets, counters and baseboards.