Gunning Daily News

Change How You Prepare for the Time Change

November 1, 2011 5:26 pm

Sunday, November 6 at 2 a.m. marks the official end of Daylight Savings time as clocks are pushed back one hour. While most of us will enjoy the opportunity to get an additional hour of slumber, sleep experts from Northwestern Memorial Hospital warn that even the one hour shift in time can be disruptive to our sleep patterns and recommend people use the end of Daylight Savings time as a time to evaluate their sleep habits. 

"Sleep problems are widespread and on the rise, yet many people dismiss the issue and don't realize the consequences that can result," said Hrayr Attarian, MD, neurologist at Northwestern Memorial and associate professor of neurology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. "As people reset their clocks, they should also take this opportunity to reset their sleep habits in order to avoid possible health consequences. Sleep deprivation has been linked to obesity, trouble with memory and learning and a higher incidence of diabetes and high blood pressure." 

Attarian recommends that even though we are gaining an hour, you should still go to bed at the same time. Doing so will help make sure you don't go into Monday sleep deprived. To help people get a good night's sleep this weekend and throughout the year, Attarian offers tips on proper sleep habits. 

• Consistency is key – Go to bed when you are sleepy and stick to a set rise time. You cannot force yourself to fall asleep, but you can always get up when you need to. Not sleeping in may help consolidate your sleep at night.
• Bedroom boundaries – Make sure the bedroom is only for going to sleep. It shouldn't be a place to watch TV, do work, surf the internet or eat. That way your body knows that when you get into bed, it's time to go to sleep.
• Work up a sweat – Exercise can give your body something to rest from and help you stay asleep at night. To allow enough wind-down time, it's best to complete exercise at least two to three hours before going to bed.
• Set the stage – Take a hot shower then get into a cool bed. The drop in your body's temperature after taking a hot shower and entering a cooler room is a process that naturally mimics day and night, and may help guide you to sleep.
• Put your thoughts to bed – Jot down your to-do list for the next day and put it aside so you feel organized and can avoid racing thoughts that may prevent you from falling and staying asleep.
• Relax - Avoid activities such as going online or watching TV that will hold your interest and keep you engaged. Listening to music or reading something that you find mindless in a dimly lit area may help you feel sleepy. 

The end of Daylight Savings time also means an earlier sundown, leading to more nighttime driving for many Americans. According to Phyllis Zee, MD, Ph.D., director of Northwestern Memorial's Sleep Disorders Center, drowsy driving can lead to more accidents on the road. 

"There is a significant increase in the number of car accidents in the days following the end of Daylight Savings Time (DST), which many attribute to lack of alertness from insufficient sleep," said Zee, who is also a professor of neurology, neurobiology and physiology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. It seems contradictory that accidents would increase when an extra hour is actually gained with the shift from DST in the fall. Perhaps, in anticipation of the longer day, many people are tempted to stay up later on the weekend, which can lead to dangerous late night driving while drowsy. It is important to recognize that the increased risk of accidents associated with shifts to and from DST result from the need of the biological clock to adjust to the time change, as well as behavioral factors. For most sleep deprived Americans, the best thing to do is to take advantage of the end of DST to gain an extra hour of sleep. 

Zee adds that drinking a cup of coffee or other caffeinated beverages just before getting behind the wheel may help temporarily. Most importantly, make sure you get enough sleep every night and avoid medications that make you drowsy. Zee warns that splashing water on your face, pinching yourself, listening to loud music or rolling the windows down do not help prevent falling asleep behind the wheel. 

If sleep doesn't come naturally or you experience excessive sleepiness during the day despite a good sleep regimen, speak with your physician to determine the cause of sleep loss and regain control over your ability to be well-rested. Northwestern Memorial's new 10,000-square-foot state-of-the-art Sleep Disorders Center conducts day and night studies for the diagnosis and treatment of a multitude of sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, periodic limb movement disorder, nocturnal behaviors such as sleep walking, talking and eating in sleep, acting out dreams, and narcolepsy. Patients also have the option of completing diagnostic studies at home using ambulatory monitoring technology. 

For more information, visit

Top 4 Questions to Ask when You Hire an Attorney

November 1, 2011 5:26 pm

Selecting an attorney for your business is one of the most important decisions a small business owner can make. Yet, when speaking with small business owners, I find that few know how to select the right attorney for their business. 

There are a lot of different variables. But, at a minimum, the following should be considered before selecting an attorney:
What is the attorney's expertise?
Select an attorney that has worked with owners of similar businesses. The attorney will be able to advise you of potential risks within your industry. The attorney will also be familiar with drafting the types of documents and contracts your business needs. This will save you money since the attorney is already familiar with the legal environment in which your business operates. 

How much are you going to pay in attorney's fees?
Attorneys charge clients in different ways. Many bill by the hour. Some charge a flat rate for completion of a specific task. Before selecting an attorney, make sure you are comfortable with the attorney's fee structure.
Be sure to ask the attorney to give you an estimate of the total cost of the task you need completed. Also ask whether the attorney charges fees for copying, postage, mileage, or any other non-fee related expenses. 

How does the attorney communicate?
I find that many small business owners never think to ask this question. Before you select an attorney, find out if the attorney prefers to communicate in person, by phone, or by email. If your business keeps you too busy to meet in person and you prefer email, make sure that you select an attorney that communicates regularly by email. 

Also be sure to find out who will be communicating with you. Some attorneys utilize their associate attorneys, paralegals, or secretaries to communicate with clients. Ask if you will be charged for each time someone communicates with you. Don't assume that because you are not meeting in person with the attorney that you will not be billed. 

Who will actually be doing my work?
The attorney you meet in the first meeting is not necessarily the one who will be doing your work. It is not uncommon for partners to have associates or paralegals complete tasks. Often times this can save you money because the associate or paralegal costs less per hour than the attorney. 

Jennifer K . Halford is an attorney whose practice focuses on business law and estate planning. She is also a professor at California State University, Chico, where she teaches Entrepreneurial Law.

Avoid Winter Water Damage

November 1, 2011 5:26 pm

Winter is well on its way, and with the frost, snow and sleet comes the threat of winter water damage. Keeping your home’s exterior in top condition is a great preventative measure you can take to avoid costly water damage.

As leaves and other debris continue to fall, it is likely they are clogging your gutters and making it difficult for water to pass through, keeping your roof from draining properly and upping your risks for water damage. As many home insurance policies neglect to cover damage caused by seepage, preventing flood damage is crucial. 

To maintain the health of your home, and prevent water damage, keep your gutters in good condition with the following tips.
1. Make sure your gutters are installed by a professional
2. Make sure your gutters are securely fastened and well maintained
3. Direct downspouts away from house
4. Routinely check for and identify any blockages in your spouts or gutters 


Word of the Day

November 1, 2011 5:26 pm

Nonconforming use. Use of property that is permitted to continue after a zoning ordinance prohibiting it has been passed.

Question of the Day

November 1, 2011 5:26 pm

Q: What do I do about the unseen maintenance problems like toxic gases?

A: Problems with your chimney, mechanical devices on your heating appliance, and pressure within the home can all cause combustion spillage, the unwanted flow of combustion gases into your home. Present in these gases are toxic elements such as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides.

The best way to prevent spillage is to hire a professional – preferably one who specializes in building inspection, indoor air quality, ducting, chimneys and heating equipment – to do a yearly maintenance check of all your combustion appliances. These appliances include a gas-fired furnace, boiler, or water heater, an oil-fired furnace, boiler, or water heater, and a fireplace.

The service professional can check for heat exchanger leakage, evidence of start up spillage, and condensation in the chimney. Maintenance normally includes a tune-up, or in the case of a chimney, clearing it of debris and fixing cracks on the inside wall.

Fall Clean-up, Already?

October 31, 2011 4:44 pm

Fall is the season for football, changing leaf colors, and—because of yard work—back injuries, tumbles from ladders and lawn mower accidents.

Each year, thousands of Americans are injured cleaning gutters, raking leaves, washing windows and doing other chores. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) urges people to take the proper safety precautions to reduce the number of cleaning-related accidents this season.

According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission:
• In 2010, more than 35,500 people injured themselves using a stepladder
• More than 127,000 were injured while operating a lawn mower

AAOS Expert Advice:
"When it comes to cleaning up around the house, be sure to move and lift heavy or oddly-shaped items properly. Start by bending at the knees and lift using your legs, not from your back," says Marc T. Galloway, M.D., orthopaedic surgeon and AAOS spokesperson. "A lot of injuries tend to occur on ladders too, so if you're cleaning the gutters or painting a bedroom make sure the ladder is stable, locked in place to avoid falls. And, whatever you do, do not stand on the top rung—this can result in orthopaedic injuries like fractures or breaks."

Fall Clean Up Safety Tips:

Lifting Heavy Objects
Proper techniques for lifting, carrying and bending should be part of any outdoor or indoor cleaning project to avoid back injuries:
• Separate your feet, shoulder-width apart and keep your back upright and bend at the knees while tightening the stomach muscles.
• Lift with your leg muscles as you stand up; don't try to lift any object by yourself if it is too heavy or an awkward shape.

Raking can be vigorous exercise. Before you begin, warm up for at least 10 minutes with some stretching and light exercise.
• Use a rake that is comfortable for your height and strength
• Wear gloves or use rakes with padded handles to prevent blisters, and vary your movement, alternating your leg and arm positions often.
• Keep your vision free of impediment and wear shoes with slip-resistant soles.
• To avoid back injuries, do not overfill leaf bags. Never carry or throw a bag over your shoulder or to the side. The twisting motion places undo stress on your back.

Ladder Use
Ladders used for chores—such as washing windows, painting, cleaning gutters and trimming trees—should be placed on a firm, level surface. In addition:
• Never place a ladder on ground or flooring that is uneven, soft or wet.
• Use a sturdy step stool instead of a counter or furniture—such as a chair or the couch – when cleaning high hard to reach areas.
• When working on a ladder, over-reaching or leaning too far to one side can make you lose your balance and fall. Your bellybutton should not go beyond the sides of the ladder. Never climb a ladder without a spotter.
• Use care with extension cords: be sure they are properly grounded. To avoid tripping or falling, do not drape extension cords across spans of crossing walkways.

Mowing the Lawn
When mowing the lawn, be sure to wear proper footwear and eyewear for protection.
• Use a mower with a control that stops it from moving forward if the handle is released. Never pull backward or mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary – carefully look for others behind you when you do.
• Children should be at least 12-years-old before they operate any lawn mower, and at least 16- years-old for a ride-on mower.

Other Cleaning Tips
• Read product labels for proper use and wear protective clothing and gloves when using chemicals for cleaning. Store all chemicals at the appropriate temperature, which is usually indicated on the package, in a place that is out of reach of both children and pets. Never place chemicals into unmarked containers or containers labeled for a different substance.
• Keep a cell phone within reach in case of accident or injury.

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Cleaning Tips to Get the Most out of your Carpet

October 31, 2011 4:44 pm

Chances are, your home’s carpet gets a lot of wear and tear. By following these few simple tips, you can extend your carpet’s life and save a little money in the process.

1. Vacuum. Vacuuming often removes dirty and soil buildup, preventing accumulations that are more difficult to tackle.
2. Spot Stain. With kids, pets, guests and accidents, some staining bound to happen. By addressing stains immediately, you will be more likely to remove the stain before it sets.
3. Don’t Rub! When a stain occurs, blot it to absorb any liquid, then add a cleaner and let it sit. If you need to, blot from the outside of the stain toward the center to avoid spreading, but don’t rub—this can cause the stain to set deeper into your carpet.


The Right Passage for Teen Driving

October 31, 2011 4:44 pm

Safe driving is usually not in the forefront of a teen’s mind, but for parents it can be a big worry. Many parents often overlook the need to have honest discussions with their teens about safe driving and avoiding alcohol and drugs.

“Getting behind the wheel is an important responsibility at any age and Foremost wants all drivers to be as safe as possible,” says Eric Kappler, assistant vice president of auto product management. “Leading by example is a great opportunity for parents to show their teen safe driving techniques.”

Foremost Insurance Group offers this honest and teen-friendly guide to sharing concerns with your teen for one of the most important responsibilities of their adolescent career.
• Have a good time. Explain to your teen that you want them to have fun and enjoy themselves. Just don’t drink. Years from now, they will laugh when looking back on their school days, but not if they don’t remember them.
• Relate it to your past. Explain to them what you did right or wrong and what the consequences were. Don’t be afraid to tell them the truth if you made some bad judgment calls. This can only help them to feel that you are human and that you regret those decisions and don’t want them to make the same.
• Remind them of their future. High school is a great time, but they have their whole future ahead of them. Remind them that it is important to look ahead and make good decisions.
• Immature vs. mature. Your teen may think that drinking or doing drugs and driving is what the grown up thing is to do. Explain to them that is the most immature and irresponsible decision they could make. Being mature is about making the right decision and keeping your future in your sight. As a parent, your responsibility is to lead by example. Parents should follow the same rules they set for their teen.
• Drive safe! Make sure that they understand the responsibility of getting behind the wheel. Share these six tips with your teen:
1. Wear seatbelts.
2. Don’t speed.
3. Be a defensive driver. Not everyone on the road is going to be as safe as you, watch out for other unsafe drivers.
4. Don’t drive while impaired or ride with anyone that is impaired. This clouds judgment for driving and could potentially end in a fatality. If you do make a mistake, or find yourself in an uncomfortable situation, call your parents immediately. They will respect you for being mature enough to see the danger and making the right call.
5. Pay attention to the road while driving. Don’t get distracted by cell phones, radio, or passengers. Driving is a very important responsibility and shouldn’t be taken lightly.

The way your teen learns to drive today is how they will drive tomorrow. Remind them that driving is a privilege—not to be taken lightly or for granted. Getting behind the wheel can be a great rite of passage…just make sure it’s the right passage they are driving down.

For more information, visit

Word of the Day

October 31, 2011 4:44 pm

Net lease. Lease requiring the tenant to pay all the costs incurred in maintaining a property, including taxes, insurance, repairs, and other expenses normally required of the owner.

Question of the Day

October 31, 2011 4:44 pm

Q: Is it true you never really stop fixing up a home?

A: From the day you move in to the day you sell your home, there will always be something that will need to be repaired or remodeled. You may want to undertake some changes simply to elevate your comfort level – like installing central air conditioning—or spruce up the home’s aesthetics, such as adding a few stained-glass windows.

But other work will need to be done to maintain the property and minimize problems later on. Some examples are replacing a hazardous roof, fixing broken windows, and repairing leaky pipes. These are all necessities. Left undone, they can lead to major problems and damages within the home.

If you decide one day to sell, other improvements will likely be made to increase the home’s value and appeal to potential buyers.