Gunning Daily News
September 15, 2011 5:09 pm
Security risks to mobile devices continue to rise as hackers discover new ways to infiltrate smartphones and tablets, especially by exploiting mobile applications.
"Today users face daily threats from Trojans and other computer viruses that can potentially expose sensitive personal data, including credit card numbers," says Andy Hayter, anti-malcode program manager for ICSA Labs, an independent division of Verizon. "In addition, undetected Trojans can lead to expensive charges on customer phone bills by sending text messages and making calls."
To combat mobile security risks aimed at smartphones, tablets and apps, ICSA Labs offers seven tips to help business and consumer users protect themselves:
1. Only buy apps from recognized app stores. Apps from unofficial third-party stores and applications downloaded from peer-to-peer sites are much more likely to contain malware than apps sanctioned by official vendor stores such as the Android App Market or Apple App Store.
2. Think twice about accepting "permissions." Most applications, legitimate as well as malicious ones, require users to accept several "permissions" before the apps are installed. Check carefully to be sure that the app comes from a legitimate source.
3. Monitor bills for irregular charges. If attackers gain access to personal information stored on your phone, they can quickly rack up charges by sending "silent" text messages to high-priced call services. For example, if the Android Trojan GGTracker is inadvertently installed on a device, it can sign up users, without their knowledge, for premium text messaging services.
4. Employ security policies to protect employer-issued devices. Employers should enforce password-based access and require voice mail codes so that only authorized users can access data on employer-issued devices.
5. Be mindful that more and more employees bring their personal devices to work. Companies therefore must have security systems and policies in place to safeguard their business environment and prevent access to company networks from employees' personal devices.
6. Remember that mobile devices are tiny handheld PCs. Many security threats that apply to traditional computers also apply to mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, and consumers should take necessary measures to protect themselves. One way to do this is to install anti-malware software on mobile devices and enable VPN functionality.
7. Protect your mobile phone password and voice mail pin. If your mobile phone does not currently have a password, add one that is at least six digits. Try to choose a unique password that is not already used across other systems and accounts. Do not use repeating digits in passwords or voice mail pins. Remember that your provider will never request your voice mail pin, so do not be tempted to provide it to anyone who requests it.
If you detect infection on an employer-issued device, immediately report your concern to the employee help desk or IT security staff personnel.
"Mobile malware will continue to rise with increased smartphone use," Hayter says, "but by following these tips users can help protect themselves and their personal data from unwanted intrusions."
For more information, visit http://www.icsalabs.com.
September 15, 2011 5:09 pm
Hurricane Irene, with its high wind, torrential rain and flooding, was a wake-up call for the residents of many states up and down the East Coast of the United States, providing important lessons to millions of Americans on how to prepare for future storms, according to the Insurance Information Institute (I.I.I.).
"Those who take the time to prepare for a disaster are in the best position to survive a catastrophe and recover as quickly as possible," pointed out Jeanne M. Salvatore, senior vice president and consumer spokesperson for the I.I.I.
Hurricane season, which ends on November 30, is far from over so it is still possible for another storm to make landfall in the U.S. In fact, six of the ten most expensive hurricanes in the U.S. occurred in September and one in late October.
Damage caused by wind is one of the most consistent and major causes of property loss. Hurricanes and tropical storms accounted for 44 percent of all catastrophe losses over the 20-year period from 1991 to 2010. Tornadoes, which frequently accompany hurricanes, ranked second highest, representing 30 percent of catastrophe losses for the period.
Hurricane Irene provided a stark reminder that the entire East Coast is at risk for catastrophic storms. While Florida and the Gulf coast may have more frequent hurricanes, the Northeast also has a history of severe storms. The Great New England Hurricane of 1938 (also known as "The Long Island Express") hit New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island and Massachusetts, causing 600 deaths, 1,700 injuries and over $400 million in damages, according to the Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety and Security (EOPSS). AIR Worldwide estimates that the storm would have caused $38 billion in insurance damages had it occurred today.
The I.I.I. has tips to help consumers prepare for the next hurricane or tropical storm.
1. Know Your Risk of Flooding
People often underestimate the risk of flooding. But as Hurricane Irene demonstrated, flooding occurs not only on the coast but inland, as well. In fact, 90 percent of all natural disasters in this country involve flooding, according to FEMA's National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).
It is important to determine the risk of flooding in your area so you know whether you need flood coverage. Standard homeowners and renters insurance policies do not cover flooding, but insurance is available from the NFIP and some private insurance companies.
Flood insurance covers direct physical losses by flooding and from flood-related erosion caused by heavy or prolonged rain, coastal storm surge, snow melt, blocked storm drainage systems, levee dam failure or other similar causes.
The NFIP policy covers homes for up to $250,000 on a replacement cost basis and the contents for up to $100,000 on an actual cash value basis. Replacement cost coverage pays to rebuild the structure as it was before the damage. Actual cash value is replacement cost minus depreciation. To be eligible for the replacement cost policy, the homeowner must insure the structure for 80 percent of the cost to rebuild the home or purchase the maximum amount of coverage provided by the NFIP. If you are a renter, you can also purchase flood insurance for the contents of your home.
If you need more coverage than is provided by the NFIP policy, excess flood insurance is available from some private insurers. Private insurance may also be available if your community does not participate in the NFIP. Coverage for the contents of basements is limited, so be careful about what you store in the basement and consider installing a sump pump.
While flooding is not covered under standard home insurance policies, some types of water damage are. This includes burst pipes, wind driven rain and damage resulting from ice dams on your roof. Some homeowner’s insurance policies cover sewer and drain backups, but others do not. However, you can purchase a sewer backup rider to a homeowner’s or renter’s policy in states that offer the coverage for about $50 each year, with the policy limits varying depending upon the insurer.
2. Understand Your Hurricane Deductible
A deductible is the amount of money you pay out-of-pocket before your insurance coverage kicks in. A standard home insurance policy deductible is a flat dollar amount, usually either $500 or $1,000. Hurricane deductibles, however, are tied to a percentage of your home's insured value. Your hurricane deductible is clearly stated on the front page (Declarations page) of your homeowner’s insurance policy.
Hurricane deductibles apply solely to damage from hurricanes, and typically vary from 1 percent to 5 percent of the insured value of a home. For example, if your home is insured for $200,000, and has a 2 percent hurricane deductible, you would be responsible for paying the first $4,000 needed to repair the home.
Hurricane deductibles are incorporated into homeowner’s insurance policies in 18 coastal states and the District of Columbia. Whether a hurricane deductible applies to a claim depends on the specific "trigger," which can vary by state and insurer and is usually linked to wind speeds. Due to these differences, homeowners should check their policy carefully.
3. Maintain a Home Inventory
A home inventory is a detailed list of your personal possessions together with their estimated value. This is an important document that will help you:
• Buy the amount of insurance you need
• Get your insurance claim settled faster
• Verify losses for your income tax return
• Keep track of your belongings in order to substantiate losses when applying for financial aid after a catastrophe
There are many ways to organize a home inventory. You can do it room by room, category by category (furniture, electronics, etc.) or start with detailed descriptions of the most expensive items and put less expensive items into broad categories. If you own your home, do not forget to list items like heating systems, washers/dryers and air-conditioning units.
There are also many approaches to creating your inventory. You can simply write everything down in a notebook, or take pictures and write the information on the back of the photos or save it on your computer. If you own a video camera or smart phone, another option is to walk through your house filming and describing the contents.
4. Keep your Insurance Up-to-Date
The time to review your insurance is before you need to file a claim. After Hurricane Irene many homeowners and renters had little knowledge of how much insurance they had or what was covered by their policy. As a general rule, you should have enough insurance to rebuild your home and replace all of its contents. If you make a large purchase or major improvement to your home, always update your policy. And if you are a renter, get renters insurance so your possessions are covered.
You should also find out how much coverage is available for additional living expenses (ALE). These expenses could include the cost of a temporary rental home or hotel room, restaurant, meals and any other expenses incurred in the event your home is uninhabitable while it is being repaired or rebuilt due to an insured disaster. Some policies provide coverage for 20 percent of the amount of insurance you have on your house. Others may specify a time period. Additional coverage is generally available for an additional cost.
If you own a car, consider purchasing the optional comprehensive coverage when buying your auto insurance policy as it will reimburse you for weather-related disasters such as flooding, or a tree falling on your car.
5. Have an Evacuation Plan
For many people, Hurricane Irene was the first major disaster that required them to evacuate their home—a reminder of the importance of having an evacuation plan in place. If you have pets you will need even more advanced planning, as many public shelters do not accept animals. Here are a few key steps to planning an evacuation:
• Identify where you can go in the event of an evacuation. Try to have more than one option: the home of a friend or family member in another town, a hotel or a shelter. Keep the phone numbers and addresses of these locations handy.
• If your evacuation route relies on public transportation and/or bridge, tunnels or ferries, plan to leave early and have a back-up plan in case any of the transportation options is closed for safety reasons.
• Map out your primary route and a backup route in case roads are blocked or impassable. Make sure you have a map of the area available.
• Family members may be separated before or during the evacuation so identify a specific meeting place and ask an out-of-town friend or family member to act as a contact person.
• Plan what you will take such as medicines, first aid kits, bottled water, cash, clothing, flashlight, battery-powered radio, pet food, special items for infants, the elderly or disabled.
• Gather important papers (or copies) such as insurance policies, prescriptions, passports and social security information. Store them in water-tight, fire resistant containers.
6. Learn How to Protect Your Home Against Hurricane Damage
There are a number of steps you can take to make your home more disaster-resistant. Keeping wind and water out of your home is critical to its survival. According to the Insurance Institute for Business & Home Safety, a house is most vulnerable to high winds when the building's "envelope" is not sealed by forms of protection such as storm shutters or reinforced garage doors. In addition, homeowners should secure loose roof shingles and seal openings, cracks and holes while also strengthening soffits such as beams, arches and staircases.
During a windstorm, loose items outside of the house can be picked up by the winds and become destructive projectiles. Be prepared to remove all outdoor furniture, lawn items, planters and other materials. Trim trees and shrubbery and remove weak branches on plants and trees.
And, if you are renovating or doing construction on your home, keep in mind that unsecured building materials or trash from partially completed homes could become airborne and pose a serious physical threat to individuals and nearby buildings.
7. Consider Specialty Insurance for Special Events or Expensive Vacations
In the wake of Hurricane Irene, there were cancelled weddings, postponed events, missed flights and stranded travelers. While there is no insurance against frustration, specialty insurance is available for the financial losses that may be incurred when expensive special events or travel are impacted. Travel insurance can also provide assistance for travelers impacted by hurricanes and other disasters listed in the policy.
For more information, visit www.iii.org.
September 15, 2011 5:09 pm
With the school year back in session, parents should feed their kids the best brain foods to help them sustain their energy and help them succeed at school, while also creating healthy habits that can last a lifetime.
According to Phil Lempert aka the SupermarketGuru and editor of The Lempert Report and SupermarketGuru.com, eating nutrient-dense meals, and snacks, and staying hydrated at regular intervals and avoiding processed, sugary foods can boost brain development, improve concentration, and provide a child's energy to make it through a school day. It is also important to always send your child to school with a balanced healthy snack, even if all other meals are provided.
"The new school year is a time to start fresh, encourage healthy eating habits and set a great example as a parent," says Lempert. "It is important for growing children to eat a variety of foods from each food group. A well-nourished and fit child is better able to learn and has more energy, stamina, and self-esteem."
According to Lempert, the best brain foods include:
• Whole Grains: Whole grains in general contain phytonutrients, folate and B vitamins that boost memory. Whole grains are great for kids—most notably oats and eating oats in a not too sweet granola is a great way to get kids to eat more whole grains. The addition of some dried fruit and nuts balances out the meal or snack. Pack sandwiches with whole wheat bread. If your kids are not used to it, make as sandwich with half white, half whole wheat bread;
• Lean and Clean Protein: Protein is great to pair with whole grains and can help kids feel full longer, avoiding a sharp drop in blood sugar. Choosing protein sources that are raised humanely and fed a proper diet, or pastured are your best bets. Ask your local butcher about how the meat was raised;
• Berries, Grapes, Apples, Pears and other Seasonal Fruits: Rich in antioxidants like vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, and fiber. The fiber in fruit also helps keep kids regular, yes it's not just a grown-up problem;
• Healthy Fats: Healthy fats help "cushion" the brain; in fact 60 percent of a brain is made up of fat. Salmon is a great source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are beneficial for the brain and eyes (deficiency can lead to anxiety and depression). Avocados are another great fat, as well as flax and chia seeds (which are full of fiber as well); and
• Filtered Water: Dehydration can lead to fatigue, fogginess, and more, so drinking plenty of water is crucial to keeping concentration and energy levels high. Parents would be surprised how little water kids drink at school. After learning and running around all day most kids could use a couple glasses of water. Buy a reusable water bottle in the color or pattern that your kids like - or let them pick it out. If they choose it, they are more likely to use it!
For more information, visit www.SupermarketGuru.com.
September 15, 2011 5:09 pm
Grantor. Person named in a deed who conveys ownership of real estate; the seller.
September 14, 2011 5:09 pm
At a time when it seems that prices are soaring everywhere we look, it is no wonder that cost conscious homemakers are now saying, "Ouch!" at the cost of some popular household cleaning products.
But there are proven home remedies that will do many of the same cleaning jobs-and often for pennies on the dollar. Here are some of the top picks:
Keep chrome fixtures clean and shiny by wiping them down with new or used fabric softener sheets. For stubborn water spots, try rubbing alcohol on a paper towel.
To remove tough stains from the inside of a vase, fill the vase with warm water and drop in two Alka Seltzer tablets.
For a fog-free mirror after you shower, wipe it down a couple of times a week with a few drops of aftershave on a paper towel.
Fill in unsightly nail holes with plain white toothpaste; smooth with a damp sponge.
Make an effective all-purpose cleaner for countertops and appliances by filling a spray bottle with one third pine cleaner, one third ammonia and one third water.
Prolong the life of fresh flowers by filling the vase with a quart of warm water, two tablespoons vinegar and three tablespoons sugar.
Sharpen scissors by cutting 10 times through three layers of foil or by cutting a piece of fine sandpaper into small pieces.
Try polishing the silver with toothpaste; just rub on and wipe off.
Remove small scratches on polished wood furniture by rubbing them with a shelled walnut.
Smelly shoes? Put a few tea leaves into nylon stockings and stuff one stocking into each shoe. Leave it there for a couple of days until the smell vanishes.
To keep lint and dust off glass tabletops longer, clean them with a solution of one tablespoon of fabric softener and a quart of warm water. (Also works well for computer screens and TV screens.)
September 14, 2011 5:09 pm
Fall is the best time to get your house in order because come winter, small problems can turn into big-dollar nightmares. The October 2011 issue of ShopSmart magazine, from the publisher of Consumer Reports, highlights key household maintenance tasks for the fall that can save readers more than $20,000 in repairs.
"People need to take home repairs seriously, especially with winter just a few months away," said Lisa Lee Freeman, editor-in-chief of ShopSmart. "Now is the time to check and service any small problems before snow, ice, and freezing temperatures accentuate them."
Get some leaf relief
Fallen leaves can kill grass when they're matted down by snow. Leaf piles can also attract rodents. But using leaf bags means work and waste if they go into a landfill.
• What to do: Don't overlook your mower's mulching mode! Grinding up leaves feeds your lawn and saves money. You may need to make a few passes to slice the leaves small enough to decay.
• What you save: Along with saving the cost of leaf bags (Americans spend millions of dollars a year on them), you sidestep the stooping and bending of raking and bagging.
• Smart Pick: Time for a new mower? The $350 Toro Recycler 20332 self-propelled gas mower aced our mulching tests.
Check the roof
Leaks can eventually damage the wood sheathing and rafters below the shingles, leading to thousands of dollars in repairs.
• What to do: Use binoculars to spot cracked, curled, or missing shingles safely from the ground. Consider having a roofing pro check flashing around chimneys, skylights and roof valleys for leaks, and the rubber boots near vents for cracks that can let moisture seep in.
• What you save: At roughly $3 per square foot installed, new sheathing would total $6,900 for a 2,300 square foot house if you had to replace all of it. Figure on an additional $7,000 to $10,000 to install new shingles, plus added costs if the roof rafters need replacing.
• Smart Pick: Certain Teed Landmark asphalt shingles were top performers in our tests and deliver the layered look of cedar shakes. And at just $65 per 100 square feet, they'd save you about $7,000 on a typical home over the priciest shingle we tested.
Find air leaks
Air leaks lurking inside your home can send up to 10 percent of your home's heat out the window during the winter.
• What to do: A professional energy audit (about $300 to $800) is best; some utilities help pay for it. On a windy day you can do your own check. Close windows and doors, and shut off the furnace. Turn on bathroom and other fans that blow air outside. Then pass a lit incense stick over door and window frames and other leak sites; smoke that's blown into or out of the room signals a leak.
• What you save: Plugging leaks can slice your heating bill by 10 percent, or about $66 per year, based on the $660 average annual cost of heat per household nationwide. Those yearly savings could help pay for a new range, refrigerator, or dishwasher after 10 years. And that's if you're using natural gas. Got oil or electricity? Annual savings could exceed $200.
Close your hoses
Pipes can burst when water inside expands as it freezes, creating an expensive mess in your home.
• What to do: Shut off inside valves that control water flow to hose spigots. Then briefly open the spigots to drain any leftover water in pipes and hoses. Also drain water from supply lines for water sprinklers and pools, and shut off inside valves that control them. And help prevent freezing by insulating pipes in unheated areas.
• What you save: Thousands of dollars in plumbing repairs and water damage, especially if pipes burst and cause a flood while you're away.
For more information, visit www.ShopSmartmag.org.
September 14, 2011 5:09 pm
American homeowners know how to "Think Green." Whether choosing Energy Star appliances or selecting more energy efficient lighting, millions of people are incorporating energy efficiency into their personal habits and purchasing decisions. Now a leading energy company is encouraging its customers to take those same "green" principles and apply them to their business life as well.
MXenergy, a Constellation Company and one of the leaders in the sustainability movement, strives to educate and inform customers about energy efficiency as part of the company's continuing commitment to energy conservation.
"All across America we see people working to improve their home energy efficiency," says Marjorie Kass, MXenergy managing director of marketing. "Yet, we are not necessarily seeing those same strides on the corporate front. There are so many relatively simple changes which can have such a dramatic impact on office energy usage."
"Green Office" Tips
Power Down: Check to make sure you are maximizing your computer's energy efficiency settings. Turn off the computer at night or when not in use for long periods of time. Encourage your office to convert to more energy efficient lighting and to turn off lights when not in use.
Quit Pushing Paper: When at all possible, "go digital." Eliminate as much printed paper as possible. When it is necessary to print a hard copy, print double-sided and make sure your office is recycling ink and toner cartridges as well as purchasing recycled paper and remanufactured ink and toner.
Take A Break: The company break room can be an excellent starting point for a green campaign. If not already in place, ask for recycling containers to be made available. Switch to Fair Trade organic coffee and recyclable or reusable utensils and cups. Encourage the use of non-toxic cleaning supplies. Rather than heading out to lunch or ordering in, bring lunch from home in reusable containers. This not only reduces energy consumption but packaging waste as well.
Cut the Travel: Telecommuting, carpooling and video-conferencing are all excellent ways to reduce individual and corporate carbon footprints. According to Treehugger.com, over $8 billion in gas could be saved annually if every car in the U.S. simply added one additional passenger to its commute.
"Creating a more eco-friendly work environment doesn't have to be costly or time-intensive," says Kass.
"Something as simple as adding a desk plant to improve air quality or choosing to host a meeting via video-conferencing rather than paying for plane travel can make a difference. It isn't about the size of the change, it is simply about making the decision to start the process that is so important."
For more information visit www.mxenergy.com
September 14, 2011 5:09 pm
Q: How can Fannie Mae help homebuyers?
A: The Fannie Mae Community Home Buyers Program lets first-time buyers with little cash obtain 95 percent financing. Borrowers may put down as little as 3 percent of their own money, with a 2 percent gift from family, a government program, or nonprofit agency, and obtain private mortgage insurance to protect the lender against default.
The Fannie Mae program is administered through participating lenders, and income limits vary by state. But the income restriction is waived when borrowers participate in the Fannie Neighbors program. Fannie Neighbors also has lower income requirements for borrowers who want to buy in designated central cities.
Fannie Mae's new Start-Up Mortgage will assist buyers of all income levels with a 5 percent down payment. Applicants do not need a lot of income to qualify and can have less cash for closing than with traditional mortgages. Borrowers receive a 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage with a first-year monthly payment that is lower than the standard fixed-rate loan.
Homebuyers who borrow under either program must attend a seminar on homeownership and the home buying process.
For a list of participating lenders, call Fannie Mae, the nation’s largest supplier of home mortgage funds at (800) 732-6643.
September 13, 2011 5:09 pm
Five, 10 or 15 years ago the American Dream was to own a bunch of “stuff”—a big house, luxury SUVs and the finest clothes. Well, we have learned from the recent recession and mortgage crisis what overspending and living in a fantasy world has done to millions of Americans: The American Dream has turned into the American Nightmare.
So what’s the New American Dream? Dozens of nationwide surveys show that what Americans want most in life is work/life balance. True happiness and fulfillment comes from doing fun, exciting things—not having fun, exciting things.
So, how do you have your cake and eat it too? Here are 5 important “must-dos” in order to successfully live the New American Dream and have successful work/life balance:
1. You must learn to live below your means. The only way to have time and energy to do the things most important to you (time with kids, travel, church, service, reading, exercise or just relaxing) is to spend less time at work and more time with life. The higher your monthly expenses are, the more you feel the pressure to be at the office. It’s a very simple formula, yet the majority of Americans fall into the trap of keeping up with the Joneses (or Kardashians) and never learn to live below their means.
2. Your job must be a good “vehicle.” Many people admire brain surgeons for their abilities, clout and paycheck. But saving lives and being on-call 24/7 is not a good vehicle for healthy work/life balance. Any job that sucks you dry emotionally or physically is also not a good vehicle because when you leave the office you are too drained to do the things you really love to do. So ask yourself, “Am I able to leave work behind when I drive home? Do I have a boss who builds me up and doesn’t tear me down? When I come home, am I energized to spend time with my kids?” If the answers are “Yes” then you probably have a great vehicle for work/life balance—regardless of your job title or paycheck.
3. Am I running my career and life, or is someone running it for me? It’s important to stand up for your own schedule and work with a company who is willing to work with you to help you have life balance.
4. Learn to turn off your cell phone before you walk in your front door. Emails, text messages, Facebook, YouTube, games, apps—they are now killing the New American Dream. These things are fine in small doses, but more than a few minutes a day these gadgets will kill quality time with your kids, distract you from exercising and derail any goals you set for yourself. Smart phones are creating a lot of dumb people. Don’t be one of them.
5. Carve out time (daily) for the things most important to you. If your children are your priority, then carve out quality time for them every day—and do not let anything and anyone get in the way. Schedule everything else (including work) around your priorities. Protect your priorities like an offensive lineman protects his quarterback. Push and shove distractions out of the way —or else all of your life goals will get sacked.
For more information, visit www.swparents.com.
September 13, 2011 5:09 pm
The start of fall means that it's time to clean up the house, swap out clothes in your closets, and break out the seasonal tools in the garage. The October 2011 issue of ShopSmart magazine, from the publisher of Consumer Reports, prepares readers with organizing tricks to keep everything tidy year-round.
"The change of seasons is the perfect time for people to break the cycle of their bad organizing habits," says Lisa Lee Freeman, editor-in-chief of ShopSmart.
"With our season-by-season guide, readers can make sure that they keep their belongings organized from year to year and cut down on the amount of time they have to spend re-organizing each time a new season rolls around."
Store it in the fall
1. Garden tools and pots: Hose off dirty gardening gear and stack pots in tiers. For pots with fragile surfaces, layer newspaper between vessels to protect from scratches and chips. Outdoor garden storage benches and cabinets are also great for storing tools and pots over the winter. To find gear easily come spring, group like items together.
2. Summer Clothes: To free up precious closet real estate, measure the number of feet of hanging space your clothes take up and get a garment rack wide enough to accommodate it all. Stow in a dry basement or attic. And be sure to clean clothes before putting them away—even if they look spot-free. Stains that seem invisible can oxidize over time and be hard to get out if left untreated.
3. Beach towels, picnic blankets, outdoor linens, and tableware: Clear the linen closet of summer beach towels and outdoor tablecloths and place mats; stash in giant plastic tubs. Cradle outdoor dishes and cups on top. Park the bin in a basement or attic.
Store it in the winter
1. Garden rakes: Hang long-handled rakes and garden tools from a pegboard. Affix the board to any garage or shed wall, leaving about an inch of space between the wall and the board to accommodate hooks.
2. Seasonal decorations: Stow jack-o-lanterns and cornucopias in opaque bins—clear bins let in light, which can damage memorabilia. In the fall, discount stores like Target sell seasonal bins, so you'll be able to tell what's for Halloween or Thanksgiving.
3. Bikes: There are many types of bike racks; some mount into studs on the wall, others mount from a track system. Check out your options and choose one that works for your space. Hang it in an empty spot on a wall in the garage.
Store it in the spring
1. Boots: Stuff boots with boot forms to help them keep their shape. You can also use balled-up gym socks in a pinch. Lay each pair of boots flat in a plastic bin. Stack bins at the back of your closet or put under your bed.
2. Sleds and ice skates: Most sleds have holes for a steering rope; thread heavy rope through the holes, then hang sleds in the garage. Stash disc-type sleds in a large clear contractor bag. Tie a knot at the top and hang from a hood, flat against the wall of your garage.
3. Bulky coats and bedding: Wash or dry-clean throws, quilts, and duvets, then store in space bags in a linen closet. Short on closet space? Use a rolling garment rack with a zippered front closure to keep out moisture and moths. For bug protection, place cedar blocks at the bottom of the bag before putting it in the basement or attic.
Store it in the summer
1. Backpacks and lunch boxes: Clean backpacks and wash lunch boxes, then air them out in the sun before putting away in storage tote labeled "Back to School." Store the tote in the back of an entryway closet or in the attic. If you don't have a large storage area, use your child's closet: Put the lunch box inside the backpack and hang it on a hook in the side or rear of the closet.
2. Artwork and school papers: "Condense and preserve" is your mantra for children's school papers and projects. Condense what you need to store by weeding out items your child is no longer attached to. Preserve especially important projects by asking your child to pick out five pieces she wants to save. Put the rest in a portfolio labeled with your child's name and school year. Store it at the back of her closet or in the attic.
3. Wool rugs: Roll up cleaned up and vacuumed rugs to keep them free of deep creases or bends, then wrap them in large plastic bags. Store them up high on garage shelf or in your attic.
For more information visit www.ShopSmartmag.org.